The foundation of Amalfi can be dated back to the Romans (its coat of arms bears the wordsDescendit ex patribus Romanorum). In the 9th century AD Amalfi became one of the four Repubbliche Marinare (Sailors’ Republics) competing with Venice, Pisa and Genova for control over the Mediterranean sea. Its Maritime Codex, better known as Tavole Amalfitane, was very influential up until the 17th century.
Amalfi reached its peak in the 11th century, followed by quite a fast decline: in 1131 it was conquered by the Normans, in 1135 and 1137 pillaged by the Pisa troops. In 1343 a terrible storm, followed by a devastating tidal wave destroyed most of this glorious city.
The most famous site in Amalfi is definitely the Duomo, dedicated to the patron Saint Andrew, and built in Arabian and Sicilian style. The works began in the 11th century and the church was completed with many subsequent additions. It stands out for its beautiful mosaic famade, for the bronze main entrance portals crafted in Constantinople in 1066, for the Cloister (Chiostro del Paradiso), and for the famous staircase that leads to entrance. Today the old rivalry between Amalfi, Venice, Pisa and Genova is represented in a traditional rowing competition (Regata Storica) followed by medieval parades and representations.
An exceptional hand-made paper industry flourished in Amalfi in the Middle Ages and the tradition is continued still today.
02. Cloister (Chiostro del Paradiso)
03. Paper Museum
04. Valley of the Mills
05. Diocesan Museum
06. Civic Museum